Impact of Art Therapy on Social Development in Students with Intellectual Disabilities
Zarinsadat Larijani Ms * , Narges Razeghi Ms
Abstract: Objective: This quasi-experimental study examines the impact of art therapy techniques on social development in students with intellectual disabilities. Method: The sample includes 36 educable students with intellectual disability, ranging from 9 to 11 years of age, were selected by simple random sampling in 3 groups, each consisted of 12 students, as 2 for experimental, and 1 for control groups. Raven Black & White Test for Children and Vineland Social Development Scale were respectively utilized to measure intelligence and social development. Results: Findings showed that dramatic educational techniques could improve social development. Accordingly, making-believe trainings were more effective than doll-playing. Conclusion: The findings stress that some art therapy techniques could be used to facilitate and improve social development in students with intellectual disabilities.
Abstract: Introduction: The main objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of neurofeedback training with schema therapy in reducing symptoms of depression in depressed women of Tehran.
Method: To achieve this purpose, a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and control group was designed. The study population included all patients with major depression symptoms who referred to the counseling center in Tehran from spring to winter 1393. From among the women diagnosed with depression, 30 were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups of neurofeedback training, schema therapy, and control group. They filled out the Beck Depression Inventory (ASI) before and after the treatments.
Findings: The results of data analysis showed that neurofeedback training and schema therapy are effective in reducing symptoms of depression.
Conclusion: The final conclusion was that there is no significant difference between the effect size of neurofeedback method and schema therapy in reducing symptoms of depression.
Temporary Marriage: Iranian Girls & Boys Attitudes Towards Mate Selection
Narges Razeghi, Mohammad.Ali Mazaheri, Hasan Ahadi
Abstract: Introduction: This paper compares preferences in mate selection criteria for permanent marriage and temporary marriage.
Methods: The research population participants consisted of single persons in Tehran who were in the age range between “22 – 40” and being educated and having at least Diploma.In addition, they have not been diagnosed any of psychological problems.The samples available and interested in participating in the study included 122 (61 girls and 61 boys). The researcher set up a program that mate choice is a computer program written in the C programming language and is comprised of two parts; 1) Demographic characteristics of participants 2) Testing mate selection Inventory. Measures of central tendency and parameters of dispersion were used to describe the data. Binomial test, correlation test, the median difference distribution, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for inferred statistical.
Results: The results showed that only 23% of participants (12% women and 45% men), agree with temporary marriage. The criteria of “education” and “loyalty” were more important in permanent marriage than the temporary marriage with amount of 0.551 and 0.912, respectively. “Pleasant mood” and “being obedient” had higher priority in temporary marriage than the permanent marriage.
Conclusion: Our study showed that criteria for permanent and temporary marriage differ based on their relation’s duration and its expectations. In fact, understanding of reasons for agreement and disagreement regarding temporary marriage, can provide a more accurate and expertise reference for reading possible in the Muslim world.
Key words: mate selection criteria, short term mates, marriage, muslim culture.
Attachment Styles of Children Raised in Nursery vs . Those Who are Raised in the Family in Iran
Narges RazeghiPublished 2012
In studies on psychological health and children’s personality development and in researches on emotional distresses, children’s behavioral disorders associated with mot her deprivation, are known as the major cause of mental disorders. Therefore, for identification of children’s attachment styles in n ursery’s children are of significant importance. For this purpose, to com pare the attachment styles between children of nursery with those provided care by their families, the Separation Anxiety Test (SAT) of Slough and et al was administered on 72 children (36 in nursery and 36 family-cared). The results indicated, almost half o f children in both groups have insecure attachment styles. Tendency ratio of both groups of children towards Secure and Ambivalent In secure styles are almost the same. However the avoidant style of attachment in children of nursery is more than those provided car e by their families. The children under family care compared to the children of nursery, in the situations of separation from their mothers in the first day of school and sleeping in their room, have shown more self reliance. Keywords—Attachment style; Separation Anxiety Test (SAT); Children; Nursery; Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
THE ROLE OF ATTACHMENT STYLES IN MATE SELECTION PREFERENCES
Author(s): RAZEGHI NARGES*, MAZAHERI MOHAMMAD ALI, AHADI HASAN
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
Abstract: The present study aimed to examine the role of attachment styles in mate selection preferences. One hundred fourteen unmarried students (68 females, 46 malesage) between ages 22 and 40 were selected by convenient sampling from Public Universities of Tehran. The participants answered a researcher-made computer program comprised of personal characteristics, mate selection test, and the Hazan and Shaver’s Attachment Inventory (1987). To analyze the data t-test and regression model were used. The results indicated that both females and males prefer the criteria of mutual attraction-love and loyalty as the first and second priorities but in the third criterion females considered the independent character important and males regarded adaptation important. There was a significant positive correlation between avoidant attachment style and abiding criterion. There was a significant negative correlation between the secure style and criteria of abiding and good cooking and housekeeper.
Keyword(s): ATTACHMENT STYLE, MATE SELECTION, MARRIAGE, PRIORITY OF CRITERIA